WHAT IS IN THE MEDICATIONS?(from Noga and as sent in by list members) to return to previous page, click the right button on the mouse and click on back
Bausman's Gold and Tropical Fish Tonic
Sodium Potassium Bromide
Furazolidone (NF-180, Furox-50,)
According to Noga: "Nifurpirinol is a nitrofuran. Some are stable in both freshwater and saltwater and are rapidly absorbed by fish. Unfortunately, nitrofurans are carcinogenic, genotoxic and mutagenic and are strictly illegal for use on fish in some countries, including the United States. Nitrofurans are photosensitive and may be inactivated in bright light. Catfish, loaches and other scaleless fish are considered sensitive to water-borne nitrofurans, but this varies with species." I think the ban is only for food fish. Given the genotoxicity, it would not be wise to use on fish that are breeders.
simazine (60%) is an herbicide
ALGAE DESTROYER by Aquarium Pharm. label says:
Simazine: 2-choloro-4, 6-bis-(ethylamino)-s-triazine: .60%
Inert Ingredients: 99.40%
directions: use 1 teaspoon per 10 gal. water
About malachite green, Noga says that higher temps and lower pH make it more toxic. It persists in tissue for a long time so repeated treatments causes accumulation to toxic levels. "Toxicity in fish usually presents as respiratory distress, since it is a metabolic respiratory poison. Treated fish may become anorexic."
4-[p-(dimethylamino)-)0-phenylbenzylidene]-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-xylidene dimethylammonium chloride
di-methyl (2 2, 2-trichloro-1-hydroxy-ethel) phosphonate
one of these is Dylox
Brite and Clear
DIMILIN AKA Diflubenzuron, AI3-29054, Astonex, Benzamide, Difluron
An insect growth regulator which interferes with the formation of the insect cuticle. It is effective in the control of mosquitoes and flies.
WHAT IS IN THE FOODS
Crude protein: not less than 55.0% Crude fiber: not more than 4.0%
Crude Fat: not less than 10.0% Crude ash: not more than 17.0%
Fish Meal, Euphausiacea Meal, Yeast, Gluten, Casein, Squid Oil, Shrimp Meal,
Rice Bran, Spawn Powder, Lecithin, Choline Chloride, Calcium Phosphate, Squid
Soluble, Alfalfa Meal, L-Lysine, Inositol, Methionine, Vitamin C supplement,
Niacin, Vitamin E supplement, p-Aminobenzoic Acid, Biotin, Calcium
Pantothenate, Riboflavin, Vitamin A supplement, Vitamin B12 supplement,
Acetonmeaphthon, Thiamine Mononitrate, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Folic Acid,
Vitamin D3 supplement, calcium Lactate, Potassium Phosphate, Sodium
Phosphate, Magnesium Sulfate, Ferric Citrate, Zinc Sulfate, Cobaltous
Carbonate, Manganese Sulfate,
Potassium Iodide, Aluminum Hydroxide, Cupric Sulfate
Ultra Duragold Aquadine
min. protein 38%, max. crude fiber 5%, min.
crude fat 5%, max. moisture 8%
shrimp meal, herring meal, wheat flour, krill meal, soybean meal, fish oil,
canthazanthin, vitamin supplement, minerals, copper sulfate, ferrous
sulfate, manganese sulfate, potassium iodide, zinc sulfate, sodium
chloride, ethoxyquin, bunch of vitamins
Pepso Food (info posted by user)
Romet-B (trade name) (info posted by user)
85.1 grams of Sulfadimethoxine
17 grams of Ormetoprin per pound of food.
use in food fish for treatment of Aeromonas, Cytophaga, Columnaris, Yersina ruckeri, Enteric septicemia, Edwardsiella ictaluri, Bacterial hemorrhagic septicemia, Aeromonas liquefacians, A. hydrohila, and Pseudomonas liquefacians.
Super Trout Booster - Romet*** or Romet-B (info posted by user)
1.273g/lb (0.280%) sulfadimethoxine
0.254g/lb Ormetoprin (0.056%).
Dosage is recommended as 1.5% of fish body weight/day for 5 consecutive
days to provide approximately 23 mg of active ingredients per pound of live
body weight of fish.
Protein 38 %
Fat 12 %
"This feed is approved for control of furunculosis by Aeromonas salmonicida, cold water disease by Cytophaga psychrophilia, columnaris disease by Chondrococcus columnaris, enteric redmouth by Yersina ruckeri, and vibriosis by Vibrio anguillarum in salmon and trout.
Tetra Medicated Food: PARASITIC (info posted by user)
Tetra Medicated Food: bacterial and fungal (info posted by user)
TETRACYCLINE HYDROCHLORIDE 50%
OXOLINIC ACID 5%
SHO GOLD FOOD (info posted by user)
Ingredients (in order listed on the label)...Anchovy Fish, Whole Wheat,
Wheat Germ, Alfalfa, Gluten Protein, Soy meal, Spirulina, Hydrolyzed protein
meal, Marine Fish oil, Minerals (5), Vitamins (including C stabilized plus
12 more), and Carotenoids (3 of them.) All essential amino acids and
Aquagen (registered trademark) Biogenic Performance Enhancer.
MEDICINE CHEST FOR GOLDFISH
1. Rock salt, NovAqua, PolyAqua for water conditioning and soothing gills. Water softener salt called "solar salt" is great. Epsom salts. LFS
2. Hydrogen peroxide and neosporin creme for topical application. Wound Control for open wounds. LFS
3. Two 20- 40 gallon rubbermaid tubs, an extra tank heater, extra airstone and small air pump. These are used in the tub-to-tub method and double as temporary quarantine tanks when you simply cannot walk out of the store without a fish.
4. Quick Cure and potassium permanganate for parasite control.
5. Romet B antibiotic food, TMP-4 with trimetheprim for bacteria.
6. Injectable Baytril and needles. Panalog creme.
For TMP-4, potassium permanganate and oxolinic acid: Fishy Fharmacy 1-800-423-2035
For Romet B, Aquadine and Biokyowa food: Dandy Orandas 1-334-649-4790 (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Quick Cure: local pet store and MOPS
Potassium permanganate: drugstores and water softening companies
Panalog and injectable Baytril: a cooperative vet
Antibiotics in food
The food I use is Romet B. However, antibiotic food can be made by either soaking sinking pellets in antibiotic laced water, by mixing antibiotics into cooled gelatin, or by coating the food and rolling the food in oil to keep the antibiotics on the food in the water. TMP-4 and oxolinic acid are two good antibiotics to add to food. Erythromycin is used when staph or strep (gram positive bacteria) is suspected. Almost all pathogenic bacteria are resistant to Tetracycline.
Antibiotics in the water
I use TMP-4 for 3 days with 30% or more water changes. I combine this with romet B antibiotic food. The only time I use antibiotics IN the water is when the fish have ragged fins and several sores. I always treat for parasites first for 2 days, then change out the water, wait two days and then use the antibiotics.
Oxolinic acid is one of the few antibiotics that get into the fish thru the water and is accumulated in the tissue. After 3 days, oxolinic becomes deadly to the fish if a 100% water change isn't done. Fish cannot be retreated with oxolinic for months after a treatment. These antibiotics, and erythromycin will kill the biofilter dead, dead, dead. Be prepared for an ammonia spike and big water changes. It is best to use the bucket to bucket method when using antibiotics in the water.
I use Baytril that I get from my vet. Baytril is very stable in the refrigerator when reconstituted with water. Always ask about stability after reconstitution since some antibiotics become toxic when they degrade. Some must be hydrated and used immediately.
The injection site I use is 1/2 way between the ventral fins and the anal port, just off to one side of the midline. There is a sinus there. Put the bevel of the needle up, slip under a scale and in at a shallow angle, no more than 45o . Push the plunger in. If it won't go in, or the antibiotic squirts out, the needle was not into the sinus. Hold the plunger down when removing the needle.
Goldfish are easy to hold for injections with their head and gills in the water. They don't struggle when upside down. The only way I have been able to inject Koi is to put them into a plastic bag to confine them and cover their eyes. They can also be injected thru a plastic bag.
For goldfish, Baytril is used at 0.1cc per 6 inches of fish. For koi, it is 0.1 cc per 6 inches, with an additional 0.1 cc for fish over 18 inches that are big around. Two injections can be given 48 hours apart.