Please remember that any fill in the blank or T and F question can be turned into a multiple choice.

LECTURE QUIZ 1

1.  Which one is NOT correct?
A.   Science is a collection of facts
B.  Science is the process of discovering the rules that govern the physical universe
C.  Science deals with facts and observations which are testable and debatable
D.  Science is a way of critically thinking

2.  What starts with a conclusion that cannot be proven wrong?
A.  junk science
B. pseudoscience
C. science

3.  Which of the following refers to the human inability to determine what the temperature is early in spring?
A.  Subjective vs objective tests
B. Independent controls
C. Repetition and adequate sample size

4. Which of the following refers to a bathroom scale that gives the same wrong reading all the time?
A.  Subjective vs objective tests
B. Independent controls
C. Accuracy and precision

5. Which one of the following statements can be TESTED?
A.  I am sad
B. You are making me sad
C. My sadness has given me a fever
D. My sadness is making me ill

6. Astrology is a subject of science? T or F
or, Which is science?
a. astrology
b. astronomy
c. gastronomy

7.  Which of the following is required since results in the real world are almost never 100% consistent
a. Subjective vs objective tests
b. Independent controls
c. Statistical analysis

8.  Who developed Mendelian genetics
a.  Pasteur
b.  Dr. Ronald Ross
c.  Mendel

9.  Which refers to the group that is not exposed to the variable in question
a. Subjective vs objective tests
b. Independent controls
c. Accuracy and precision

10.  What step was Dr. Ross at when he dissected both the control and experimental (fed on infected individuals) groups and discovered that only the experimental group contained plasmodium in their stomach.
a. Collect information
b. State the problem
c. Test the hypothesis

E.C. “Cherry picking” refers to:
a. no attempt to publish in refereed journals
b. starts with a question
c. ignores facts that dont support conclusion



LECTURE QUIZ 2

1.  Which one is true of the Gaia theory
a.  Life has no impact on the physical world
b.  The physical world has no impact on life
c.  The physical earth and life co-evolve
d.  Both b and c

2. Which of the following was first responsible for our oxygen atmosphere
a. ferns
b. flowers
c. cyanobacteria

3.  Which is NOT true of a giant redwood tree
a.  it is an illustration of the Gaia theory
b.  99% of it is dead
c.  99% of it is alive

4.  Which is NOT true of minerals
a.  naturally occurring
b. inorganic material
c. definite chemical compound
d. all the above are true

5. Rocks
a. are aggregates of minerals cemented together
b. have a definite crystalline structure
c. are silicates

6. Granite is what kind of rock
 a. igneous
 b. sedimentary
 c. metamorphic

7. Erosion
 a.  Is the steady breaking up of large chunks of rock into smaller pieces
 b.  Can be caused by acidic waters will dissolve some minerals
 c.  Is the movement of rocks and soil by water,
 glaciers, wind, gravity

8. 97% of all the surface water is in the ocean and is SALTY. T or F

9.  Most fresh water is found in lakes. T or F

10. England is likely to end up in a deep freeze if this cycle is disturbed
a. Surface circulation of water
b. Deep-ocean circulation
c. Evaporative cycles of water

e.c. Where is most water on Earth found?



BIO LECTURE QUIZ 3

1. The charged particles of an atom are:
a. neutrons and electrons
b. neutrons and protons
c. protons and electrons

2. What is unique about each atom of a given element is:
a. the number of electrons
b. the number of neutrons
c. the number of protons

3. Draw/diagram an atom and label the parts.

4.Which phase is most easily compressed by pressure
a. gas
b. liquid
c. solid

5. When steam/vapor is condensed back into water it gives off or releases
a. 1 cal per gram water
b. 79.7 cal per gram water
c. 539 cal per gram of water

6. The transition from vapor to liquid called?

7.

8. The reason a gecko can climb walls or glass
a. covalent
b. hydrogen
c. ionic
d. van der Waals

9. Which bond(s) is due to electrostatic attraction?
A. covalent
B. hydrogen and ionic
C. ionic
D. van der waals

10. When silver is cleaned using baking soda and aluminum, what kind of a reaction is this?
a.  acid-base reactions
b.  polymerization reactions
c.  precipitation reactions
d.  redox reactions
 

e.c. Which is an inherent and fundamental property of atoms?
a. matter
b. weight
c. mass



BIO LECTURE QUIZ 4

1.  Which is NOT a characteristics of life?
a. requires energy
b. requires "raw" materials
c. reproduction
d. all of the above are true

2. Which is NOT true of organic molecules?
a. contain carbon
b. can form a straight chains
c. can only have double bonds
d. all are true

3. PO4 is a(n)?
a. sugar
b. alcohol
c. phosphate

4.  Which is used to build proteins?
a. amino acids
b. lipids
c. sugar
d. nucleotides

5.  Which is used to build starch?
a. amino acids
b. lipids
c. sugar
d. nucleotides

6.  Which is used to build cell membranes?
a. amino acids
b. lipids
c. sugar
d. nucleotides

7. The first use of proteins in living things was?
a. muscle
b. enzymes
c. energy
d. cell membranes

8. The first use of lipids in living things was?
a. muscle
b. enzymes
c. energy
d. cell membranes

9. What is the secret to thousands of different organic molecules?

10. What is the difference between starch and cellulose?

E.C. 1828 when Wohler produced the first organic compound from inorganic materials. What was it?



BIO 105 FALL 2012   EXAM 1

True or false: write out the answer

1. “I am sad” can be determined objectively.

2. 99% of a redwood tree is dead.

3. Small crystals form in slowly cooling granite.

4. Most of the free fresh water is in lakes.

5. At the equator the Hadley cell is caused by the Coriolis effect/force

6. The number of protons determine what element an atom is.

7. The shift from a solid (like dry ice) to a gas is called sublimation.

8. Na+Cl- is held together by covalent bonds.

9. When vinegar and baking soda is mixed together this is an acid/base reaction.

10. Lipids (oil and fats) are triglycerides.

11. Lactose is the sugar found in fruit.

12. Cell membranes are made from phospholipids.

13. A pH of 8.0 is acidic.

14. Glycolysis is the breakdown of glucose.

15. Every single living cell must be able to break down their own glucose for energy.

Vocabulary:
1.  A bathroom scale that gives the same wrong reading all the time is what?

2. The name of the theory that states the physical Earth and living things co-evolve?

3. The movement of rocks and soil by water, glaciers, wind, gravity is called what?

4. Where is most water in the Earth found?

5. What are the doldrums and horse latitudes?

6. Draw/diagram an atom and label the parts.

7. Which phase is most easily compressed by pressure?

8. What is the bond that glues us together?

9. Finish this equation:
  H+ (aqueous) + OH- (aqueous) <=>

10. What is built with nucleotides?

11. When a cow eats grass, what breaks down the cellulose?

12. What is the secret to thousands of different organic molecules?

13. In what structure does respiration occur in animals?

14. In what structure does photosynthesis occur in plants?

15. What vegetable did you use to make a colorimetric pH solution?
 

Multiple choice: be sure to use capital letters
A, B, C, D

1. Which of the following was first responsible for our oxygen atmosphere?
a. ferns
b. flowers
c. cyanobacteria

2.  Rocks?
a. are aggregates of minerals cemented together
b. have a definite crystalline structure
c. are silicates

3. Quartz is what kind of rock
a. igneous
b. sedimentary
c. metamorphic

4. What causes the Coriolis effect?
a. the energy of the sun
b. the rotation of the earth
c. the doldrums and horse latitudes

5. What causes thermals (rising air)?
a. the energy of the sun
b. the rotation of the earth
c. the doldrums and horse latitudes

6.  Which is an inherent and fundamental property of atoms?
a. matter
b. weight
c. mass

7. When steam/vapor is condensed back into water it gives off or releases
a. 1 cal per gram water
b. 79.7 cal per gram water
c. 539 cal per gram of water

8. The reason a gecko can climb walls or glass
a. covalent
b. hydrogen
c. ionic
d. van der Waals

9. When silver is cleaned using baking soda and aluminum, what kind of a reaction is this?
a.  acid-base reactions
b.  polymerization reactions
c.  precipitation reactions
d.  redox reactions

10.Which is used to build starch?
a. amino acids
b. CH2
c. sugar
d. nucleotides

11. Which is NOT true of organic molecules?
a. contain carbon
b. can form a straight chains
c. can only have double bonds
d. all are true

12. The first use of proteins in living things was?
a. muscle
b. enzymes
c. energy
d. cell membranes

13. Which is used to build starch?
a. amino acids
b. lipids
c. sugar
d. nucleotides

14. Lipids are built from:
a. glycerin/glycerol
b. fatty acids
c. both a and b

15. A solution with pH of 1 has how many times as much acid as a solution with pH of 2.
a. 1 times more
b. 10 times more
c. 100 times more

16. Which material separates out of soil first?
a. clay
b. sand
c. silt

17. In photosynthesis the overall reaction is?
a. glucose –> Ethanol + CO2 + ATP
b. CO2 + H2O + light energy –> glucose + O2
c. glucose + O2 –> CO2 + H2O + ATP

18. Which occurs during the LIGHT CYCLE of photosynthesis?
a. ATP + CO2 –> glucose
b. CO2 + H2O + light energy –> glucose + O2
c. H2O + light energy –> ATP + H2 + O

19. In respiration the overall reaction is ?
a. glucose –> Ethanol + CO2 + ATP
b. CO2 + H2O + light energy –> glucose + O2
c. glucose + O2 –> CO2 + H2O + ATP

20. When oxygen is available to the electron transport glucose is broken down to produce?
a.  2 ATP
b. 38 ATP
c. 54 ATP



BIO 105 LECTURE QUIZ 5

1. Which RNA is the "machinery" on which proteins are made?
a. mRNA
b. rRNA
c. tRNA

2. Which RNA is a globular enzyme?
a. mRNA
b. rRNA
c. tRNA

3. Which RNA has a stem and loop structure?
a. mRNA
b. rRNA
c. tRNA

4. Which is stabilized by proteins
a. mRNA
b. rRNA
c. tRNA

5. Which is stabilized by hydrogen bonds making double stranded RNA
a. mRNA
b. rRNA
c. tRNA
d. all of the above

6. RNA transcription begins
a. with an RNA primer
b. at a TATA box
c. with the codon AUG

7. Which is the “message” RNA?
a. mRNA
b. rRNA
c. tRNA

8. Which of the following bond with each other and why?
A = adenine
C = cytosine
G = guanine
T = thymine

9. What is the function of DNA?
 

10. Label these building blocks of DNA.



LECTURE QUIZ 7

1. What you “see” refers to phenotype.  True or False?

2. Random assortment only occurs during mitosis. True or False?

3. Enzymes are organic catalysts. True or False?

4. An alternative form of a gene that is located at a specific position on a specific chromosome is called what?

5.  The word that means “A pair of chromosomes where one chromosome is derived from the father and the other from the mother.” ?

6. Which enzyme in DNA replication is responsible for unwinding and melting the double strands?

7.  Which demonstrates co-dominance
a.  blue vs brown eyes
b.  ABO blood group
c.  red X white = pink flowers

8.  Which demonstrates incomplete dominance
a.  blue vs brown eyes
b.  ABO blood group
c.  red X white = pink flowers

9. Which is the small piece of RNA necessary for DNA replication?
a. DNA polymerase
b. Helicase
c. Ligase
d. Primase
e. Topoisomerase

10.  Using blue (b) and brown (B) eye color, show a Punnett square of the cross of bb x Bb.

E.C. Explain why hemophilia is usually seen in boys.



LECTURE QUIZ 8

1.  Recombinant DNA means:
a.  Exchange within the same species or between species
b.  From plants or animals to bacteria
c.  From plants to animals
d.  All of the above

2. Restriction enzymes
a. melt and anneal DNA
b. reproducibly cut DNA at specific sites
c. splice DNA into vectors

3.  A plasmid is
a. the genome of bacteria
b. an extrachromosomal piece of DNA in some bacteria
c. an extrachromosomal piece of RNA in some bacteria

4. Which of the following clone naturally
a. bacteria
b. some plants
c. humans
d. a and b

5. Human insulin was produced in bacteria by recombinant DNA techniques. True or false?

6. The collagen of dinosaurs was sequenced. What is collagen?
a. carbohydrates
b. DNA
c. proteins
d. RNA

7. Dinosaurs were found to be closely related to which living animal?

8. Monsanto’s Bt corn is an example of recombinant technology for what purpose?
a.  change a gene
b.  add a gene
c.  silence or inactivate a gene

9. When an adult pig is cloned this is called?
a. natural cloning
b. artificial cloning
c. somatic cell cloning
d. embryonic cell cloning
 

10. Which part of a plant is generally used to clone?
a. growing tip of the stem
b. leaf
c. root tip
d. flower

E.C. name a vector used in recombinant DNA



LECTURE QUIZ 9

1. In the movie “Harvest of Fear” what does GMO stand for?

2. Which statement is NOT true
a. scientists cannot prove that a GMO food is safe
b. scientist can prove that a GMO food is safe
c. scientists cannot prove an absence of harm

3.  Which is NOT TRUE of corn contained the cloned Bt gene
a. the product of the gene is in all cells in the corn
b. the product is deadly for all caterpillars including butterflies
c. corn containing the recombinant gene is properly labeled on food sold in the United States

4.  A viral gene that protects papaya against Ringspot was cloned into the papaya USING
a. a plasmid
b. DNA coated tungsten beads
c. a virus

5. One argument against the use of cloned Bt in the corn
a. Because it is present in the corn all the time corn borers will become resistant more quickly
b. By using the cloned Bt gene now, organic farmers will not have this effective organic pesticide in the future
c. the pollen of the corn containing Bt can drift and contaminate organic corn crops
d. all of the above are good arguments against cloned Bt

6. Somebody says “all these years GMO foods have been consumed by people and nobody has had as much as a headache”.  This statement:
a. is true
b. is deceptive because nobody knows they are eating GMO foods at the time they get sick
c. is an unbiased statement of the facts

7.  Nobel prize winning Borlaug of the “green revolution” is a proponent of:
a. organic farming
b. sustainable agriculture
c. agrochemicals and GMOs
 

8.  GMO foods are necessary because there isnt enough food to feed everyone? True or False

9.  Foods that are ideal for building strong brains, immune systems and bodies are:
a. starches like in sweet potatoes
b. proteins like fish
c. wheat

10.  Which of the following people have the least apparent bias
a. Monsanto
b. organic farmers
c. farmers who use GMOs
d. scientist from the Union of Concerned Scientists
e. Scientist funded to develop GMOs



EXAM 2 BIO 105 FALL 2012

True or False: USE CAP T OR F

1. tRNA is the “machinery” on which proteins are made.

2. The “message” RNA is mRNA.

3. The function of DNA is information storage.

4. What you “see” refers to phenotype.

5. Random assortment only occurs during mitosis.

6. Enzymes are organic catalysts.

7. Hemophilia is usually seen in boys because it is carried on the X chromosome.

8. Deafness in white Persian male cats with blue eyes is a sex linked mutation.

9. Human insulin was produced in bacteria by recombinant DNA techniques.

10. Nobel prize winning Borlaug of the “green revolution” is a proponent of organic farming.

11. GMO foods are necessary because there isnt enough food to feed everyone.

12.  Starches are ideal for building strong brains, immune systems and bodies.

13. A viral gene that protects papaya against Ringspot was cloned into the papaya using DNA coated tungsten beads.

14. The production of protein from an RNA template is called replication.

15. Folding is one of the 4 major post translation modifications of proteins.

VOCABULARY

1. RNA transcription begins with which 4 base DNA sequence?

2. Which of the following bond with each other? A, C, G, T

3. An alternative form of a gene that is located at a specific position on a specific chromosome is called what?

4. The word that means “A pair of chromosomes where one chromosome is derived from the father and the other from the mother.” ?

5. Which enzyme in DNA replication is responsible for unwinding and melting the double strands?

6. In the cross Bb x bb, how many children out of 4 will have blue eyes?

7. The collagen of dinosaurs was sequenced. What is collagen?

8. Dinosaurs were found to be closely related to which living animal?

9. Name a vector used in recombinant DNA.

10. In the movie “Harvest of Fear” what does GMO stand for?

11. Which large pesticide manufacturer has produced the most GMOs?

12. Give one leading cause of hunger in the world.

13. In what part of a eucaroyotic cell does RNA transcription take place?

14. What is the production of DNA from a DNA template called?

15.  Draw a Punnett square showing the cross XX and XY (male and female in humans).

MULTIPLE CHOICE: USE CAP A, B, C, ETC.

1. The backbone of DNA is?
a. sugar-base-sugar-base
b. sugar-phosphate-sugar-phosphate
c. sugar-base-phosphate-sugar

2. Which RNA is a globular enzyme?
a. mRNA
b. rRNA
c. tRNA

3. Which RNA has a stem and loop structure?
a. mRNA
b. rRNA
c. tRNA

4. Which is stabilized by proteins
a. mRNA
b. rRNA
c. tRNA
 
 
 
 
 

5. Which is stabilized by hydrogen bonds making double stranded RNA
a. mRNA
b. rRNA
c. tRNA

6.  Which demonstrates co-dominance
a.  blue vs brown eyes
b.  ABO blood group
c.  red X white = pink flowers

7.  Which demonstrates incomplete dominance
a.  blue vs brown eyes
b.  ABO blood group
c.  red X white = pink flowers

8. Which is the small piece of RNA necessary for DNA replication?
a. DNA polymerase
b. Helicase
c. Ligase
d. Primase

9. Recombinant DNA means:
a.  exchange within the same species or between species
b.  from plants or animals to bacteria
c.  from plants to animals
d. all of the above

10. Restriction enzymes
a. melt and anneal DNA
b. reproducibly cut DNA at specific sites
c. splice DNA into vectors

11. A plasmid is
a. the genome of bacteria
b. an extrachromosomal piece of DNA in some bacteria
c. an extrachromosomal piece of RNA in some bacteria

12. Which of the following clone routinely
a. bacteria
b. some plants
c. humans
d. a and b

13. Monsanto’s Bt corn is an example of recombinant technology for what purpose?
a.  change a gene
b.  add a gene
c.  silence or inactivate a gene

14. When an adult pig is cloned this is called?
a. natural cloning
b. artificial cloning
c. somatic cell cloning
d. embryonic cell cloning

15. Which part of a plant is generally used to clone?
a. growing tip of the stem
b. leaf
c. root tip
d. flower

16. Which statement is NOT true
a. scientists cannot prove that a GMO food is safe
b. scientist can prove that a GMO food is safe
c. scientists cannot prove an absence of harm

17. Which is NOT TRUE of corn contained the cloned Bt gene
a. the product of the gene is in all cells in the corn
b. the product is deadly for all caterpillars including butterflies
c. corn containing the recombinant gene is properly labeled on food sold in the United States

18.  Which of the following people have the least apparent bias
a. Monsanto
b. organic farmers
c. farmers who use GMOs
d. scientist from the Union of Concerned Scientists
e. Scientist funded to develop GMOs

19.  One argument against the use of cloned Bt in the corn
a. Because it is present in the corn all the time corn borers will become resistant more quickly
b. By using the cloned Bt gene now, organic farmers will not have this effective organic pesticide in the future
c. the pollen of the corn containing Bt can drift and contaminate organic corn crops
d. all of the above are good arguments against cloned Bt

20. Somebody says “all these years GMO foods have been consumed by people and nobody has had as much as a headache”.  This statement:
a. is true
b. is deceptive because nobody knows they are eating GMO foods at the time they get sick
c. is an unbiased statement of the facts



LECTURE QUIZ 10 BIO 105 FALL 2012

1. The central theory and foundation of the theory of evolution is
a. survival of the fittest
b. natural selection and speciation
c. making a lot of money

2.  Squirrels on the north and south rim of the Grand Canyon is an example of what kind of speciation?
a. geographic
b. behavioral
c. disaster

3. Rapid speciation is called
a. gradualism
b. favoritism
c. punctuated equilibrium

4. Female birds preference for certain songs is an example of what kind of speciation?
a. geographic
b. behavioral
c. disaster

5.  Which is NOT a good reason for the evolution of sexual recombination
a. cloning is efficient
b. good mutations are rare
c. a good mutation in separate strains is always at risk of being lost to extinction by competition

6. Random and independent assortment/recombination
a. is greater as the number of independent chromosome number increases
b. is lower as the number of independent chromosome number increases
c. is independent of the number of chromosomes

7.  Which one(s) is/are important to increasing the rate of evolution
a. sex
b. crossing over
c. multiple chromosomes
d. all of the above

8.  Which leads to gene duplication
a. mitosis
b. crossing over
c. parthenogenesis
 

9. In differentiation/development
a. genes are turned on
b. genes are turned off
c. both a and b

10. Which goes through true metamorphosis
a. butterflies
b. bears
c. birds

e.c.. Of the 5,000  best-known  human genes 75 percent  have matches in  C. elegans which is a
a. yeast
b. bacteria
c. nematode



Lecture Quiz 11 Bio 105 fall 2012  Name->

1.  Feathers are produced by
a. reptile scales
b. skin buds
c. toe nails

2. What is the most likely function of the first feather like structures?
a. flight
b. mating display
c. warmth

3. What does evo-devo stand for?

4. In which country has there been particularly numerous finding of fossil feathered dinosaurs?
a. USA
b. China
c. France

5. Lions and tigers and bears, are what?
a. community
b. climate
c. environment
d. population

6. Habitat is what?
a. where animals live
b. what animals do for a living
c. both of the above
 

7. Niche is what?
a. where animals live
b. what animals do for a living
c. both of the above
 

8. Warblers in a pine tree is an example of?
a. direct head on competition
b. partitioning of resources
c. symbiosis

9. There are three basic elements to the Green Revolution: Which of these leads to the problems of monoculture?
a. Continued expansion of farming areas
b. Double-cropping existing farmland
c. Using seeds with improved genetics
 

10. Which of these most likely led to the Irish potato famine?
a. Monoculture
b. Expansion of farming areas
c. Double-cropping existing farmland

e.c.
1. Which of the following are responsible for the failure of the Green Revolution?
a. Diminished biodiversity in crops
b. Pesticides contributed to land degradation
c. The expense of "inputs" like hybrid seed and fertilizer exceeded any gain in crops
d. All of the above

2. What is Terra preta or biochar?


Movie on the dust bowl

8. Name one of the main “dust bowl” states.

9.  What kind of vegetation is natural to the plains and prevents erosion?

10.  What were the TWO major causes of the dust bowl?

What country is currently experiencing some of the same “dust bowl” problems of blowing dirt?